Spring migration path of hummingbirds

The hummingbird is the sole species whose habitat is east of the Mississippi River, however there are twelve species that nest and spend the summer in North America. Occasionally, it is proven that a vanished bird—typically a rufous hummingbird—is in the Northeast.

The species that ranges the furthest north is the copper-colored rufous, which reaches as far north as Alaska.

Its typical migration path passes through the Great Plains and the eastern slopes of the Rockies. East of the Appalachians, it is a rare visitor.

A passage from Hummingbird Central's 2024 ruby-throated hummingbird guide stated, "Many hummingbirds spend the winter in Central America or Mexico,

and migrate north to their breeding grounds in the southern United States as early as February, and to areas further north later in the spring." A hummingbird may travel up to 23 miles in a single day, according to research.

Nevertheless, they may go up to 500 miles at a stretch while migrating across the Gulf of Mexico. In direct flight, they typically travel at a speed of 20 to 30 mph."